The Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis

The wide world of cannabis can be an overwhelming one to navigate. You may have heard that people use the marijuana plant in a variety of ways, both recreationally and medicinally.

The Sanctuary has created this Patient’s Guide to Medicinal cannabis to shine a light on the history of medical marijuana, the conditions it may treat, and how weed works in your body to treat medical conditions. We’ll also briefly cover CBD for medicinal use, and the product types and strains that are available to the patients who are a part of The Sanctuary family.

The history of medicinal cannabis use

The use of the cannabis plant for its medicinal properties has been popular for thousands of years. It was brought to the United States and criminalized in 1937, against the advice of the American Medical Association submitted on record to Congress, but has been decriminalized in more than 30 states. Medical researchers are regularly uncovering new, exciting ways medical marijuana can be used as a natural treatment for pain and illness, with possibly fewer side-effects than other available treatments.

What medical conditions does cannabis treat?

The conditions that can be treated by cannabis are numerous, and always growing as research and interest increase in the scientific and medical communities about this powerful plant. More research is needed to better understand the efficacy and range of benefits. Just some of the conditions researchers are studying include:


  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Appetite loss
  • Cancer Pain
  • Chronic Pain
  • Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis 
  • Diseases affecting the immune system like HIV/AIDS or Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  • Eating disorders such as anorexia
  • Epilepsy and Seizures
  • Glaucoma
  • Insomnia
  • Mental health conditions like depression, anxiety, schizophrenia and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Muscle spasms
  • Nausea
  • Parkinson’s 

How does medicinal weed work to treat health conditions?

Medicinal marijuana is not used to get high, but instead to get the medicinal benefits of the plant to treat an illness, disease, or condition. Each cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant has a different effect on the body. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the main chemicals that have medicinal properties. Cannabinoids appear to control pain, muscle tone, mood state, appetite, and inflammation, among other effects caused by certain medical conditions and afflictions, and it is these properties that may help to heal and treat many medical conditions.

CBD and Medicinal Use

THC and CBD are both cannabinoids derived from the cannabis plant. In more recent years, interest in the medical benefits of CBD has increased, because CBD will not intoxicate you and no mind-altering effects can be felt. In addition, medical marijuana products are available in a huge range of THC and CBD concentrations, depending on each individual consumer and their goals. Just as with THC, the list of medical conditions CBD may help with is ever-expanding, which means CBD prominent products and product lines are becoming more widely available and robust in our community. 

Product Types


People who want a traditional, typical marijuana experience should use what is referred to as “flower”. The flower, otherwise known as a “bud” or a “nug”, contains THC and sends signals to the brain that give you that potent high feeling. Flower is usually ground in a grinder before being rolled in a wrapping paper, pipe, or other smoking appliance. Flower is most commonly smoked, but you can grind it super-fine and infuse it with butter to make edibles.


Edibles are exactly what they sound like they are- weed you can ingest orally and eat! The Sanctuary offers an extensive list of edibles – from gummies to baked goods, to chocolates. Edibles can offer an exact, tailored dose for people concerned about usage, which makes them great for new patients who often opt to buy edibles with lower amounts of THC. Edibles are also an excellent option for people with lung conditions or who are worried about ingesting smoke.


A concentrate, also known as an “Extract”, “wax”, or “shatter”, is created through extraction. Makers often run a solvent, such as butane or propane, through buds of marijuana. Once that process is complete and an “extract” is left behind, that substance is spread on a sheet until it cools and dries. Extracts are usually ingested with the help of a glass bong. 


Topicals are most commonly used for targeted relief of pain or discomfort and are applied topically as the name suggests. They often come in the form of lotions, bath bombs, and other variations. Topicals are a great choice for people suffering from chronic pain or discomfort because they can provide quick relief. 

Vape Pens

Vaporizers, commonly known as “vape pens”, are devices that are paired with cartridges and vaporize the cannabis in a portable, discreet way.  The Sanctuary offers an extensive range of cartridges to be used with vape pens. Vaping is a popular way to ingest cannabis discreetly as it doesn’t leave much of a smell or linger in the air as long as smoking flower would. There are several types of vape pens on the market, so be sure to ask a staff member for help deciphering which cartridge works for which tool!

Cannabis Strains and what they do

Cannabis comes in different varieties, known as “strains”. The strain you choose typically depends on the desired effect you have in mind. The most popular strains and their purpose are as follows:


Cannabis sativa, more commonly known as just “Sativa”, is a more energizing and uplifting strain of cannabis.  Sativa most often refers to tall, long-stemmed cannabis plants.  When using Sativa, users can expect to feel happy, more energized, and possibly more alert.


Cannabis Indica, more commonly known as just “Indica”, is a strain of cannabis known for its relaxing, calming effects. The plant is often categorized as having broad, short stems. The effects of indica often leave patients feeling relaxed, at ease, and sometimes sleepy.

Hybrid strains

Hybrid strains are strains of cannabis that contain both Indica and Sativa. They are often grown using a different combination of parent plants. Hybrids are great for people who may want an experience that falls right in the middle. They’re also great for new patients who are beginning to learn what type of experience they like and don’t like.

At the Sanctuary, your satisfaction means everything to us. If you would like to learn more about how our products can help you, contact us online or stop on in. We are open daily, ready to help you find your perfect products!

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